Being an Active Bystander


What is a bystander?

Bystanders are individuals who witness events or situations that impact others and by their presence may have the opportunity to provide assistance, do nothing, or contribute to an ongoing behaviour.

What is an active bystander?

An active bystander is someone who not only witnesses a situation, but takes steps to speak up or step in to keep a situation from escalating or to disrupt a problematic situation when it is safe to do so


An active bystander's decision-making process

Before acting, it is important to ask yourself questions.


  • Before I take action:

Am I aware there is a problem or risky situation?

Do I recognise someone needs help?

Do I see others and myself as part of the solution?


  • During the situation:

How can I keep myself safe?

What are my available options?

Are there others I may call upon for help?

What are the aids/barriers to taking action? 


  • Decision to take action:

When to act?

What intervention strategy can I use?

Direct: Directly intervene

Distract: Distract either party

Delegate: Get help from others

Delay: Check in after 


  • Act



It is always important to think of your own safety. 

In instances of sexual violence and/or harassment, it is important to remember that the only person ultimately responsible for the incident is the perpetrator themselves.

To book onto a session to find out more and become an active bystander please follow the link: 




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